Acne is a condition of the skin that is quite long term in nature and is characterized by areas of scarring, grey skin, whiteheads and blackheads. Apparently, the resulting appearance is highly associated with reduced self esteem, anxiety and in some cases suicide and depression. These conditions are highly associated with genetics to a percentage of eighty. In some cases the conditions are known to caused by diet though the cause is unclear though cigarette smoking can be associated with developing acne and may worsen its severity altogether. Acne is known to affect the skin by affecting the oil glands especially within the face, back or chest altogether. Moreover, during puberty, situations of acne can be brought about by an increase in androgens inclusive of testosterone. A bacteria known as propionibacterium acne is highly involved with this condition.
There are various treatment options that can remedy the appearance of acne that include the change of lifestyle, embracing medication and procedures. For instance, for a person suffering from acne, they may adapt the use of fewer simple carbohydrates such as sugar. Apparently, azelaic acid, salicylic acid and topical benzoyl peroxide are some of the common treatments that have been used. Topically, retinues and antibiotics are readily available and have been used to treat acne. Isotretinoin has been reserved for conditions of severe acne due to the consequent side effects altogether.
Teenagers of the western world are highly affected to a great percentage with acne. The condition is less common in adulthood as it is highly associated with adolescents from which the condition can be classified in terms of severity ranging from severe, moderate and mild altogether. This type of categorization has been used in most cases to determine the appropriate treatment regimen altogether. For instance, mild acne can be classified as open and closed referring to whiteheads and blackheads altogether and is limited to occasional inflammatory lesions altogether. On the other hand, acne is considered to be of moderate severity if the inflammatory pustules and papules occur within the face unlike the mild cases of acne lesions and acne which tend to occur with the trunk of the body altogether. Severe acne involves the development of cysts and nodules which are the characteristics lesion within the face and an involvement of the trunk remains extensive altogether.
Once a person is affected by acne, some of the immediate features that depict include an increase in the secretion of oil, an aspect known as seborrhea. Moreover, one also develops microcomedones, comedones, pustules, papules, nodules and scarring altogether. It is important to note that the appearance of acne varies with skin color and the condition may result into social and psychological problems altogether. Initially some of the large nodules were previously known as cyts while the term nodulocystic has been used once in a while to describe cases of severe acne.
Acne scar s are the consequent result of inflammation especially within the dermal layer of the skin which is brought about by the abnormal healing of due to dermal inflammation from which research on the condition has been highly associated with severe nodulocystic acne. The scars are associated with dermal inflammation and the nature of excess collagen deposition or consequent collagen lossat the acne lesion. The scars range within atrophic acne scars which are quite common types of acne scars and have lost collagen as a result of the healing response and rolling scars which tend to be relatively large compared to atrophic acne scars altogether. Apparently, hypertrophic scars are not very common types of the scars. From this point of view we can attribute the causes of acne to location and age especially influencing adolescent rather than adults from which its effects range from depression, anxiety and loss of self esteem since the condition highly alters the appearance of the skin.