In this article we will light up the facts regarding the sun allergy treatment. It is really important and necessary to get sun allergy treatment at the right time before it gets too late and this condition gets out of control.
Sun allergy is the term often used to describe the number of the conditions in which the itchy red rash occurs on the skin that has been exposed to the sunlight. The most common form of the sun allergy is the polymorphic light eruption, it is also known as the sun poisoning.
Some people have the hereditary type of the sun allergy. Some others develop the signs and the symptoms only when they are triggered by another factor like as the medication or the skin exposure to the plant such as the wild parsnip or the limes.
Causes of the sun allergy:
Some medications, some chemicals and the medical conditions can make the skin more sensitive to the sun and it might lead to the sun allergy. It is not clear why some of the people have then sun allergy and others do not have it. Some of the Inherited traits might play a role.
Mild cases of the sun allergy may clear up without sun allergy treatment. More severe cases however, may be treated with the steroid creams or with the pills. People who have the severe sun allergy might need to take the preventive measures and wear sun protective clothing.
Symptoms of sun allergy:
The appearance of the skin affected by the sun allergy can be vary widely, depending on the disorder that is causing this problem. Signs and the symptoms may include the following:
- Itching and pain.
- Tiny bumps which may merge into the raised patches.
- Scaling, crusting and bleeding.
- Blisters or the hives.
Signs and the symptoms usually occur only on the skin that has been exposed to the sun and it typically develop within the minutes to the hours after the sun exposure.
When to see the doctor
See the doctor if you have the unusual, bothersome skin reaction after the exposure to the sunlight. For the severe or the persistent symptoms, you might need to see the doctor who specializes in the diagnosing and treating the skin disorders like the dermatologist.
Risk factors for sun allergy:
Risk factors for having the allergic reaction to the sunlight include:
- Race: Anyone could have a sun allergy, however certain sun allergies are most common in the people of the certain racial background. For example the most common type of the sun allergy that is the polymorphic light eruption occurs mostly in the Caucasians. A less common sun allergy, however a more severe variety of the sun allergy is most common in the Native Americans.
- Exposure to the certain substances:Some of the skin allergy symptoms are triggered when the skin is exposed to some substance and then to the sunlight. Common substances that are responsible for this type of the reaction include the fragrances, disinfectants and even certain chemicals used in the sunscreens.
- Taking certain medications:A number of the medications can make the skin sunburn faster. It includes the tetracycline antibiotics, sulfa based drugs and the pain relievers, such as the
- Having some other skin condition.Having the dermatitis increases the risk of having the sun allergy.
- Having relatives with the sun allergy.You are more likely to have the sun allergy if you have the sibling or parent with the sun allergy.
Tests and diagnosis
In many of the cases, the doctors can diagnose the sun allergy simply by looking at the skin surface . But if the diagnosis is not clear cut, you may need tests to help to identify what is going on. These tests might include the following tests:
- Ultraviolet (UV) light testing: It is also called as the phototesting, this exam is used to look how your skin reacts to some different wavelengths of the ultraviolet light from the special type of the lamp. Determining which particular kind of UV light causes the reaction can help to pinpoint which sun allergy you have had.
- Photopatch testing.This type of test shows whether your sun allergy is caused by the sensitizing substance applied to the skin before you go in to the sun. Moreover, In the test, identical patches of the common sun allergy triggers are applied directly to the skin, typically on the back. After a day, one of the areas receives the measured dose of the ultraviolet rays from the sun lamp. If the reaction occurs only on the light exposed area, it is likely linked to the substance which is being tested by the test.
- Blood tests and the skin samples:Such types of the tests usually are not needed. But, the doctor may order one of these tests if he or she suspects that symptoms might be caused by the underlying condition, such as the lupus, instead of the sun allergy. With such tests, the blood sample or the skin sample like in the biopsy is taken for the further examination in the laboratory.
Sun allergy treatment:
Sun allergy treatment depends on the particular type of the sun allergy you have had . For the mild cases, simply avoiding the sun for the few days might be enough to resolve the signs and the symptoms of the sun allergy.
Medications as sun allergy treatment:
Creams containing the corticosteroids are available over the counter and in the stronger prescription form. For the severe allergic skin reaction, the doctor might prescribe the short course of the corticosteroid pills, such as the prednisone.
The malaria medication like hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) might ease symptoms of some types of the sun allergies.
Therapy as sun allergy treatment:
If you have the severe sun allergy, your doctor may suggest gradually getting your skin used to the sunlight each spring. In the phototherapy, a special lamp is used to shine the ultraviolet light on the areas of the body that are often exposed to the sun. It is generally done a few times a week over some weeks.
That was all about sun allergy and sun allergy treatment. We hope you will find sun allergy treatment information very helpful. Do not forget to talk to you doctor about your sun allergy.