This is the series that we have started where we give information about food allergies. There are different types of food allergies. A person might get allergic to any type of food like dairy products contain lactose so you might get allergic to lactose, allergy to shellfish, allergy to shrimp, peanut allergy or any other food. We also give you information about the symptoms, causes, risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and complications of these allergies. Proceeding forward with this series the next thing that we will discuss about is gluten allergy.
What is gluten?
It is a mixture of 2 proteins that are present in the cereal grains, specially in wheat. It is responsible for the elastic texture of dough.
What is gluten allergy?
It is an allergic reaction to the protein called as gluten.
Causes of gluten allergy?
Gluten allergy is caused by the gliadin which is a glycoprotein which, along with the glutenin which is another protein, helps in the formation of the gluten protein.
How gluten causes allergy?
The protein Gluten damages the inner lining of small intestine. Moreover, it interferes with absorption of nutrients which leads to allergic reactions
How do you know if you are allergic to gluten?
Gluten allergy results in several symptoms and signs by which we get to know if we are allergic to the gluten or not.
Signs and symptoms of gluten allergy:
Following are the symptoms of the gluten allergy.
- Abdominal pain.
- Anxiety and anemia.
- Trouble while breathing.
- Ulcer in the mouth.
- weight loss.
- swelling of the lips.
- anaphylaxis in some of the extreme cases.
- Children may experience the eczema.
The only way for a person to know about if she has a gluten allergy for sure or he does not have is to be tested. the most common tests to determine whether a person has a the gluten allergy is an elimination diet.
In the elimination diet, the person avoids gluten containing foods, like as wheat and pasta, from his or her diet for some period of time to check if the symptoms resolve or not. If symptoms resolve its mean the person was suffering from glutin allergy. However, if the symptoms prevail then there might be some other reason not the gluten allergy. But, the elimination diet will not always rule out either celiac disease or the gluten sensitivity.
Other ways to test for the gluten allergy include the IgE or cell mediated test, which times reactions to various allergens or the skin tests. The blood test along with the stool test is used to diagnose for the gluten intolerance. It is generally recommended because of the reason that it is possible to have the positive food allergy reading but the negative gluten sensitivity test reading for all of grains containing gluten and vice versa with such types of test.
A food allergy or intolerance blood test like as skin prick tests abbreviated as SPT, the prick-in-prick tests, and the lymphocyte activation tests can positively identify that whether or not a person has the gluten allergy.
Diagnosis of gluten allergy:
If the positive diagnosis for the gluten allergy is made and the celiac disease is eliminated because it is acting as a cause of the symptoms, the person can determine how much, gluten he can tolerate in the diet. If the person has the gluten allergy, then avoiding the gluten may resolve the symptoms, It gives him more energy and generally improves his quality of the life.
Diet for gluten allergic person:
Wheat is predominant grain product in the US. It becomes so very hard to removing it from the diet. It can be very difficult for some people. Because the barley, the oats, and the rye also contain the gluten. Therefore the list of replacement for grains becomes even smaller. There are some alternatives too. These alternatives include amaranth, the corn, the quinoa, the rice, and the tapioca. But, as the breadth of health concerns associated with the gluten are becoming more widely known. Many food processing companies and many restaurants are offering an ever larger selection of gluten free options every day.