In 2007, the Administration of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a 350-page report on the audit of the effectiveness and safety for children around 800 medicines, which were previously considered safe and is widely used in the treatment.The reason for his appearance was an appeal of the city authorities of Baltimore, Maryland, supported by the American Academy of Pediatrics. FDA concluded that young children should not be given some popular drugs for fever and cough, antihistamines, decongestants, painkillers and antispasmodics. In accordance with the latest recommendations of organizations such as the Association of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers US Office of FDA Food and Drug Administration and the American Academy of Pediatrics, children under two years old should not be given any drugs without prescription.
There are medications that are offered on the open market and are constantly advertised on television. All these drugs are promising quick relief of symptoms and rapid recovery. And while on the screen beautiful mother, smiling affectionately, give them their crumbs, however do not forget that you need to use them after consulting with your doctor.
What can happen?
Studies pediatricians showed that most of the drugs are either ineffective for children under one year, or their studies were carried out with a protocol violation. All preparations “for adults” are tested on healthy volunteers, it is clear that with regard to children, this rule can not be followed.
A wrongly calculated dose may cause conditions that are hazardous to life, severe poisoning and severity of side effects. The most common of them – allergic conditions and irritation of the stomach.
Especially that pediatricians are seeing an increase every year the number of cases of poisoning as ignorance and inadvertently parents. Many manufacturers of drugs for children clothe jars and bottles in a beautiful, bright packaging attracts the attention of the baby, and tablets and syrups have a pleasant taste, color and aroma. And if the packaging has no special protection against dexterous fingers, the risk of poisoning is increased many times. Moreover, very often, throwing overdue package “adult” or “child” drugs, parents do not think about the fact that the kid might be interested in it, he saw a beautiful jar in the bin.
Also causes poisoning doctors call impatience parents. The situation in the mouth because the drug does not act immediately: it should go quite a long way into the body of the child to begin his “work”. But when it comes to temperature or pain, parents sometimes lose the measure and, in spite of clear instructions on reception in the annotation to medication and recommendations of the attending physician, can not withstand the interval between doses. Or may decide that their child needs “something better.” And give the child a drug from the same group. Outcome is usually abysmal – mother with her child go to the hospital.
The worst situation occurs when a child is already receiving constantly any drug, for example, assigned to it in connection with other diseases. For example, anticonvulsants or anti-allergic. If you do not check with your doctor in advance what other medications can be given to a child in each case, it can severely harm the baby. After all, even the innocent at first glance, an enema can lead to trouble, to say nothing about the drugs!
“Divided in half with a knife …”
Until 2007, many doctors tell parents how to adapt the “adult” medicine for the treatment of a particular condition. And reminded that if the tablet is no special risk, the share of the tablet on the impossible. Often it is explained uneven distribution of the drug substance in the tablet because of special membranes. Pediatricians also pointed recommendations on how many pieces you need to divide the tablet to a certain age or weight of the child. Even were such recommendations as “pour the contents of the capsule on a clean sheet of paper and divide it according to the rules of admission.”
Divide, crush, add sugar to … Now these recommendations resemble treatment “by eye” grandmothers-traditional healers. For examination of the child to perform complex diagnostic procedures, taken numerous analyzes and many mothers continue to “take a pill in half!” Yesterday and last century medicine, far-fetched in our time. Indeed, “our grandmothers made it so.” Well, mortality was appropriate for children, by the way.
Now available to pediatricians developed and available in the pharmacy bulk drugs for children of every age. Syrups for quite crumbs are sold with special scoop and pipettes, candles – exactly designed for a specific weight of the child, and tablets made chewing or have a special size, the baby choked on them. And still in the annotations to medicines printed accurate dosage and recommendations for admission. Medicines for children are made specifically accounted for and safety of additives in them, and the maximum dose.
Medicine and pharmaceuticals are doing everything to do no harm to the growing body of your child. Are constantly testing to find new, safer for children receiving medication, given the aborted children of many organs and systems. So why tempt fate by trying on the child methods of the last century?
Nobody offers to feed the hungry delicious meat cutlet or give teenager ‘appetite for “a little aperitif before dinner. But mothers who continue to “take pills,” to do so.
Child – It’s not a small copy of the mother
Unfortunately, the tears of mothers in the Division of Toxicology, nobody treated. And the lived experience of each individual mother, it is not a panacea that all parents will apply to medicines, as objects of increased danger for the baby. “The child, it’s not a small adult”, repeat pediatricians. Every word written in the annotations of drugs, unfortunately, not only on the basis of experiments in laboratories. Every year they are amended on the basis of clinical experience of physicians around the world. We laugh at the instructions in the dishwasher “do not wash animals” and a microwave oven, “do not dry pet” and continue to believe that “children’s” drugs, this is nonsense.
“Adults” medicines is not a whim of pharmacists, they are no better than “children”. For children, they may not be less dangerous than the “adult” beverages and food. The state is forcing manufacturers to put on the books, movies and television figures age limit. No one is not surprised “12” or “18” on the TV Screen or Monitor. Serious experts and child psychologists assess the risk for children, and much more dangerous drugs telecast.