SYMPTOMS – CAUSES – TREATMENT
Dysthymia or dysthymic disorder is a condition characterized by such terms as “sluggish”, “sad”, “lethargic”, “dark”. The peculiarity of this disease is that, changes occur not only on the emotional level, but also physiological. Dysthymia may last for several years. In addition to these symptoms of dysthymia has all the features of classical depression: developing low self-esteem, disturbed sleep, reduced activity. In this case, a person may feel perfectly healthy.
The main symptom of dysthymia is a long depression that develops within two years. In children, this period is reduced to 1 year. The characteristic symptoms of dysthymia are:
Decreased interest in hobbies and life in general;
Insomnia or drowsiness, lack of appetite or overeating;
Chronic fatigue, lack of energy;
Inability to quickly make the right decision to make the choice to concentrate;
A feeling of uselessness, worthlessness;
Guilt, self-blame, lynching;
Physical health disorders lead to headaches, convulsions and disorders of the digestive tract, which cannot be cured.
Causes of Dysthymia
Until today, physicians and scientists argue about the true causes of dysthymic disorder. Success can be considered the fact that the probable cause was able to accurately divide into three groups:
External factors or the environment: A lack of understanding from friends and relatives, the absence of moral support, non-participation of parents in a child’s life, emotional or physical abuse, “harassment” by their peers;
Genetic factors: Predisposition to depression planted at the genetic level. In the present cases family history of any form of depression;
Chemical factors – A violation of the process of production of serotonin.
Diagnosis of Dysthymic Disorder
Scientists have proved that dysthymia often affects women than men. But each person must carefully monitor their health, because emotional disorders on the background of abuse of alcohol or drugs can cause serious psychological and physical diseases. Carefully observe themselves or loved ones. If their behavior, you will notice one or more of the following symptoms, you should seek professional help.
You Should Worry If:
Changed appetite. The patient refuses to eat or begins to eat more than usual;
Changed sleep. It can be observed as insomnia and an increased need to spend more time in bed;
Changed attitude towards people, habits or activities. Loss of interest in favorite business, there is no desire to work, chat with friends;
Change the mechanism of thought and concentration. The patient may complain of inability to make a decision a long time to think about the same;
Change the emotional background. Good mood is quickly replaced badly, there are panic attacks, aggression, anxiety, and apathy.
Early identification of problems allows to provide timely assistance and, therefore, to relieve human suffering.
Treatment and Prevention of Dysthymia
This disorder is treated in two ways: medication and psychotherapy. The patient was prescribed antidepressants, the choice of which depends on the age, severity of illness, characteristics of the organism and the nature of complaints.
For the treatment of dysthymia resort to three types of therapy:
Family: Specialist finds out what events in the family could trigger the disease, what kind of relationship between relatives, which takes place in the family of the patient;
Interpersonal: This type of therapy involves communication exclusively with the patient, analysis and introspection of his actions, thoughts, and emotions;
CBT: The objective of this phase of treatment is to explain to the patient that his depression caused by disturbance of the process attitudes and beliefs.
Preventive measures are the same as with other classic cases of depression: a healthy sleep, the rejection of conflict, communication with the therapist, healthy lifestyle, hobbies.