Allergic reactions to peanuts occur when the immune system identifies the peanut proteins as something harmful. The direct or the indirect contact with the peanuts causes the immune system to release some symptom causing chemicals into the bloodstream which results in allergic reactions to peanuts.
Exposure to the peanuts could occur in various ways which are as following:
- Direct contact.
The most common cause of the allergic reactions to peanuts is eating the peanuts or peanut containing foods. In some cases the direct skin contact with the peanuts could trigger the allergic reactions to peanuts.
- Cross contact:
It is the unintended introduction of the peanuts into the product. It is generally the result of the food being exposed to the peanuts during its processing or its handling.
The allergic reactions to peanuts may occur if you inhale the dust or the aerosols containing the peanuts, from the source such as \ peanut flour or the peanut oil cooking sprays.
Risk factors of allergic reactions to peanuts:
It is not clear why some of the people develop allergies while some others do not. However, the people with some risk factors have the greater chance of developing the peanut allergy.
The risk factors for allergic reactions to peanuts include the following:
Food allergies are most often common in the children, especially in the toddlers and in the infants. As you get older, ther digestive system matures, and the body is less likely to react to the food that triggers the allergies.
Past allergy to peanuts:
Some of the children with the peanut allergy outgrow it. But, even if you seem to have the outgrown peanut allergy, it may recur as well.
- Other allergies:
If you are already allergic to one of the food, you might be at the increased risk of becoming allergic to another. Similarly, having another type of the allergy, such as the hay fever, increases the risk of having the food allergy.
- Family members with allergies:
You are at the increased risk of developing allergic reactions to peanuts if other allergies especially other types of the food allergies are common in thefamily.
- Atopic dermatitis:
Some of the people with the skin condition like atopic dermatitis (eczema) also have the food allergy.
While some other people think that the food allergies are linked to the childhood hyperactivity and to the arthritis, there id no evidence to support it.
Symptoms of allergic reactions to peanuts:
An allergic response to the peanuts usually occurs within the minutes after its exposure. Peanut allergy signs and symptoms are as follow:
- Runny nose.
- Skin reactions like as hives, redness or the swelling.
- Itching or the tingling in or around the mouth and the throat.
- Digestive problems like diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea or the vomiting.
- The tightening of the throat.
- Shortness of the breath or the wheezing.
Anaphylaxis: A life threatening reaction:
Peanut allergy is most common cause of the food induced anaphylaxis, a medical emergency that requires the treatment with the epinephrine (adrenaline) injector and a trip to emergency room.
Anaphylaxis signs and symptoms can include:
- Constriction of the airways.
- Swelling of the throat that makes difficulty in breathe.
- A severe drop in the blood pressure .
- Rapid pulse.
- Dizziness, lightheadedness or the loss of the consciousness.
Talk to the doctor if you have any signs or the symptoms of the allergic reactions to peanuts.
Seek the emergency treatment if you have the severe allergic reactions to peanuts, especially if you have signs or the symptoms of the anaphylaxis. if you or someone else display the severe dizziness, the severe trouble breathing or the loss of consciousness then you must see the doctor.