36% of the world’s population receives low-dose aspirin to prevent heart attack and stroke. Meanwhile, a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, found that one out of 10 patients do not need aspirin for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). If you are healthy and not at risk for ill, aspirin has no effect. Rather, it will harm, as able to provoke bleeding.
Here are 6 basic things you should consider if you decide to take aspirin for heart health.
1. Aspirin should not be taken regularly without taking the help of an experienced physician with your predisposition to CVD
It is important to understand that the risk of the disease depends on several factors, known and not, and how they interact with each other.
The surest test is determined by CT presence of calcium in the coronary arteries. This scan will show how many of atherosclerotic plaques build up in your blood vessels. The higher the calcium content, the more deposits on the walls of the arteries, the higher the risk of heart attack and stroke.
This test should definitely go for men and women at age 30 with a family history of early cardiovascular disease, as well as men over 40 and women over 50, have entered into menopause.
A recent study published in the journal Heart , showed that although increases with age the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding, the protective benefits of aspirin therapy are also increasing and outweigh the risks in women (but not men) aged over 65 years. Despite the results of this study should not take aspirin mature women in their arteries if there is no calcium deposits.
2. If you have had a heart attack or stroke, aspirin can save your life
Reducing the risk of recurrent heart attack or stroke is known as secondary prevention. In patients who have suffered a heart attack or stroke, have coronary heart disease or coronary artery bypass surgery had surgery or coronary angioplasty, the benefits of taking aspirin outweigh the risk of bleeding.
3. If you have diabetes, you do not need to take aspirin for prevention
The American Diabetes Association recommends aspirin therapy for primary prevention in patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes only if they are at increased risk of CVD and is not prone to bleeding. This group includes mostly people over 50. The main thing to remember that diabetes with cardiovascular disease do not always go hand in hand.
4. If you are taking statins, aspirin then take:
Reason: Drugs act differently. Aspirin does not reduce the level of cholesterol and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques, as statins. Rather, it antiplatelet, which limits the ability of platelets to form blood clots. He does not give them becomes so large that clog the vessel and cause heart attack and stroke.
Since aspirin reduces blood clotting, your doctor may advise you to stop taking it for five days prior to surgery, diagnostic procedures or dental treatment that can cause bleeding. You should not suddenly stop taking aspirin without consulting your doctor.
5. Aspirin is A Powerful Drug
If the child is taking aspirin at a dose of 81 mg per day, it can be two to four times increased risk of bleeding in the brain, stomach, intestine and rectum. That’s why you can not take aspirin without accurate risk assessment. In addition, aspirin, even taking some measures of protection does not eliminate the risk of ulcers. Aspirin may also interact with other drugs, namely:
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
Medications, blood thinners (warfarin);
Dangerous symptoms of incompatibility of drugs:
Vomiting red blood (damage to the upper gastrointestinal tract);
Vomiting masses of dark brown, grainy, resembling coffee grounds (bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract to slow or stop);
Black tarry or bloody stools
In case of these symptoms seek medical attention immediately.
6. Aspirin – it is not a magic bullet
Healthy lifestyle to prevent heart attacks better than aspirin. Especially if you start to drive it at a young age.
Make an effort: Eat a healthy diet, exercise and maintain a healthy weight. And be sure to quit smoking.
Author: Arthur Agatson, MD, a cardiologist and medical director of Wellness and Prevention for Baptist Health South Florida, a clinical professor of Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine.